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Porcelain legends Baranovki

The city of Baranivka, in the southwestern part of the Zhytomyr region, is well known to ordinary residents of the region for its porcelain and generous harvests of forest blueberries. Recently, it has also secured the reputation of the most successful urban united territorial community of the region.

The times when long lines lined up behind Baran porcelain and he was in almost every house have already passed. Just as the fame of the oldest and largest enterprise that produced a variety of porcelain dishes with amazing paintings and received prestigious awards at international competitions has disappeared. Now many housewives cherish the services from Baranivka as a valuable relic, carefully wiping the dust from them. Many today, when the stores are already filled with elaborate porcelain from China, do not raise a hand to put Baran’s coffee cups on the table even for guests.

The porcelain factory ended its more than two hundred year history in 2010. At the site of production facilities there are ruins that are overgrown with bushes. The dishes that were made there since the 19th century were more fortunate, because many of its samples became museum exhibits.

Baranovsky Porcelain FactoryBaranovsky Porcelain Factory

When looking for a porcelain museum in Baranovka, it’s impossible to get lost. The route runs along the straight central street of a cozy and elegant town. Immediately near the bus station stands the blue domed church in honor of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary. It is from him that a pleasant walk begins, which will take no more than 15-20 minutes.

Baranovsky Porcelain FactoryBaranovsky Porcelain Factory

Particular sensations arise when you enter the city in the spring during the flowering of gardens. All sidewalks are covered with white petals as if nature itself tried to surprise tourists. On the way, administrative buildings, a culture center, a gymnasium, a fitness center, public gardens and interesting monuments will meet. One gets the impression that Baranivka has incorporated a piece of porcelain history. On buildings, benches and other details of urban space, you can easily recognize the childhood paintings on porcelain cups, plates or vases that are familiar from childhood.

DESTROYED PORCELAIN ART

The museum itself does not look different from the gray and gloomy buildings of the outskirts of the city. However, when you cross its threshold, porcelain ware mesmerizes with its murals, colors and splendor.

Tamara Rodygina, head of the porcelain museum valuables department of the Baranovsky Museum of History and Local Lore, says that the museum was created in 1952 to mark the 150th anniversary of the porcelain factory.

Baranovsky factory for the production of porcelain dishes has become one of the first in Ukraine. It appeared in 1802, as evidenced not only by numerous historical evidence, but also by a stone tablet on which this date is engraved. The enterprise was opened by Mikhail Meser, who had previously dealt with porcelain in a factory in the town of Korets in the Rivne region. The construction in Baranovka was completed quite quickly and in 1804 the first batch of products was already manufactured there.

Baranovsky Porcelain FactoryBaranovsky Porcelain Factory

A logical question arises, why did Mikhail Meser decide to build a porcelain factory in Baranovka. Tamara Ivanovna quite comprehensively explains: “Because around Baranivka there are large deposits of kaolin, which is the main raw material for porcelain production. Moreover, dense forests are everywhere, and porcelain production required an unlimited amount of firewood. The Sluch River, which at that time also contributed to it, It was full-flowing and fully provided the manufactory with water, therefore, these three factors were enough to open a factory.

Then at the factory built a hearth for firing dishes. This technology was used in production until the middle of the twentieth century. For grinding raw materials, craftsmen took ordinary stone millstones, and for forming products – a potter’s wheel. The first china was pretty looking.

Baranovsky Porcelain FactoryBaranovsky Porcelain Factory

It is known that in 1825 Mikhail Meser exhibited his decorative vases in front of Emperor Alexander I, who was shocked by these products. Then the emperor allowed Meser to put the emblem of the Russian Empire on Baran porcelain. According to some historians, the government even allocated money for the development of the enterprise.

After Mather’s death, the factory was run by his sons and nephew. At that time, the manufactory had its sales offices in Kiev, Odessa, Warsaw, Tomsk, and Tashkent.

Later, the company was leased to the Jewish community, and then became the property of Countess Casimira Groholsky. The quality of porcelain products deteriorated over time, so they were forbidden to put the state emblem on them.

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