City “exquisite details
I love and know Vinnitsa well, but I was amazed at the exact wording of Larisa Ivshina, with whom we recently had the opportunity to walk through the streets during the Days of the Day in the city. She said that Vinnitsa is a city of “exquisite details.” Thus the theme of the new material was born.
Vinnitsa does not have a large number of architectural sights or palaces, which at one time “grew up” in Podolia. But it still retains a tangible aristocratic appeal of the early twentieth century – the so-called era of the Silver Renaissance, when the city finally managed to “jump above its head” and make a breakthrough in every sense – economic, cultural and architectural.
In the book “Vinnitsya: historical naris” it is said that the active development of the city began with the construction of the railway. In 1871, the Kiev-Baltic line was put into operation, and Vinnitsa turned out to be on one of the country’s most important railway arteries, which connected Odessa with Moscow and Kiev. In 1873, the Kozatin-Zdolbunov movement was opened. This connected Vinnitsa with western cities and made it possible to export agricultural products from Podolia to the ports of the Baltic Sea.
But the real golden time for the city came when Nikolai Ovodov, “titular adviser with seniority,” was elected Vinnitsa city mayor. In 1900, the newly elected chairman invited Grigory Artynov, a young but already experienced employee of the Main Barracks and Construction Commission of the Empire’s General Staff, to the post of urban architect of a civil engineer. The pace and volume of construction that began in the city was amazing. Artynov not only erected new structures, most of which have survived to this day, but also reconstructed the old ones, giving them a new sophisticated look.
Vinnitsa: a city of exquisite details “Most of the excursions that begin in our city start from the Artynov tower, because it is the heart of the city. It brought both fame and tragedy to the architect,” says art critic Tatyana ZHURUNOVA. “The construction had a technical purpose – providing the city with a water utility but it was built in the style of a medieval castle-town hall with a clock. Even now, after a hundred years, it looks stylish and elegant. But the construction of this important building for the city at Artynov himself was associated with tragic reproduction “The youngest son of the architect often visited the building, wanted to be with his father. Once the boy got a bad cold and did not recover, he died.”
Gratitude from the townspeople Grigory Artynov received both during life and after death. A hundred years later, in 2010, a monument to the architect was erected near the tower. Bronze Artynov sits on a bench and as if admiring the city. The author and chief sculptor of the composition was the architect from Lviv Vladimir Tsisarik. Apparently, it is unnecessary to say that this is one of the most popular selfie zones in the city center, and also a great opportunity, conveniently sitting down near Artynov, to take a detailed look at the former mansion of the doctor Vilinsky, located opposite the tower. It contains a classic ornament, antique decoration, colored blotches of tiles and luxurious relief compositions. By the way, such details, wave-like architecture and curvature in the decor can also be found on the house of General Brusilov, who was friends from Artynov, from time to time even rented his house to him. But the characteristic features of Artynov’s style were turrets or domes, preserved on many houses in the city center. In addition to the artistic component, they also have an interesting practical application.
“More than half of the population of Vinnitsa were Jews. The poorer people lived on Yerusalimka, this is a special district of the city, and the more prosperous on the main street. They gave the first floors for shops, workshops or ateliers, and the second and third for rent for residents, leaving – a part of the rooms, which, in fact, had such turrets, “Tatyana Zhurunova comments.” They all had removable surfaces. And when the Jews celebrated the festival of Sukkot, as usual, they had to spend the night outdoors, looking at the stars. In small towns In nnichiny (Tyvrove, Shargorod) for this purpose erected wooden gallery to the houses that the whole family could perform the rituals and traditions. The city used to do this turrets with movable parts, allowing the inhabitants to respect their customs. ”
Vinnitsa: a city of exquisite details Besides the fact that Jews rented all their premises, there were many bourgeois hotels in the city that were in demand among businessmen and wealthy tourists. They came to Vinnitsa on vacation, because the city was distinguished by a good climate, landscape and accessibility in terms of logistics – it was not torn off from the whole world and at the same time it did not feel a crazy pace (as, in fact, today). Anatoly SECRETAREV, a well-known Vinnytsia bard and local historian, in the study “Savoy” versus “Francois” gives the history of the competition of these hotels based on the stories of Pavel Karliner, an explorer of Vinnytsia antiquities.