Serednyansky cellars – a place where Transcarpathian wine glory is cherished
Serednyansky cellars are still one of the main places in the list of “must see” in Transcarpathia, here the wines of the only state winery that today work and produce products are ripening.
The dungeons were built by captured Turks at first as fortifications, and later began to be used as wine ones. Serednyansky cellars are the oldest in Ukraine; they are listed by UNESCO among the ten best wine cellars in Europe.
No less famous are the wines that are still made and stored here in oak barrels. Once upon a time, in the time of kings and kings, the middle wines were delivered to the best European courts. And in the twentieth century, the winery that had been operating here since the Soviet era thundered: the vintage wines Serednyanskoye, Rosa Zakarpattya, Seductress and Irshavskoye were known throughout the former Union – like the Leanka winery, which produced, and some of them still produce. Although since 1985, with the beginning of the anti-alcohol program, accompanied by the uprooting of vineyards, a decline began – the once glorious “Leanka” is still in the turbulent zone. But despite the difficulties, they now produce 9 types of wines (canteens, desserts and fine wines) that have regular fans and diverge delivery services across the country. And at Leanka they dream of privatization and believe that the fame of the Serednyansky cellars and wines can still be revived.
YOU CAN COME EVEN WITHOUT WARNING
Serednyansky cellars. Photo by Ukrinform. Everyone can fall into the middle cellars – they will meet you, take you through a unique dungeon with barrels, if you wish, you can taste wines at the table, at which they were treated by all Ukrainian presidents, except Yanukovych and Poroshenko (the first, they say, did not reach), well , and the second too rarely visits Transcarpathia. Remember these walls and odious socialist leaders – Brezhnev, Gusak, Ceausescu, Kadar, Najibullah. And now an ordinary tourist can sit at this table – try a good average wine, and what you like most is to buy at a reasonable price and take him home. An excursion should be agreed in advance, but if you come without warning, then only on weekdays.
We are met at the entrance by a constant guide on the “Leanka” – Larisa Bolshakova. Together with her we go for a walk around the underground city (from time to time visiting tourists join us).
She has been working here for 48 years – she remembers the good glorious times of Leanka, to be honest – she did not leave the factory even in the troubled period. By the way, Larisa Ivanovna also looks 50. She jokes that she was perfectly preserved precisely thanks to the basements – here, they say, there is a favorable atmosphere for this: at a constant temperature and humidity, not only wines, but also female beauty are well preserved.
MONUMENT IN CELLARS – HUNGARIAN, AND THE DROPS OF THEIR TURKS
At the entrance to the cellars – unchanged Hungarian wreaths with tricolor – they are in Transcarpathia not only on land historical monuments, but also underground. In the middle cellars, known, by the way, as Turkish ones, a monument to Istvan Dobo was erected by the Consulate of Hungary. This is the national hero of Hungary, whose family once owned land in the Middle. It was he who was involved in the appearance of these cellars.
-Serednyansky cellars. Photo Ukrinform. In 1552, Istvan Dobo became famous for the fact that in the Hungarian town of Eger, his garrison of about 2 thousand soldiers held the siege of the city against the 120-thousand army of Ottoman Turks for 38 days. Since then, Dobo is the national hero of Hungary. And for the victory, the king of Hungary gave him several thousand captured Turks, it was they who hollowed out manually! “These are the middle cellars with pickaxes,” Larisa Bolshakova tells a brief history of the appearance of cellars. – Their construction and strengthening was completed in 1557. How many captured Turks died in these works and where they are buried is unknown.
At first, the dungeons were intended for military defensive purposes: they stored food and ammunition here, also this place could be a good shelter for people from the enemy (for this there are three wells in the dungeon, secret exits to the surface in safe places, they say that the dungeons were connected and with the Serednyansky castle, the ruins of which are still preserved in the village). And these moves could also become a trap for the enemy troops: in the basements there are three shafts with stone hatches. If necessary, these hatches were opened and the cellars were flooded for a short time with water from the Vela River, which still flows in the Middle.
However, after some time, the dungeons in the Middle lost their military purpose – and then began to store wine. Actually, it is for this purpose that they are used now.