Today’s “Point on the map” is indicated by a remarkable piece of engineering art of the early twentieth century – one of the surviving towers of Shukhov in Nikolaev
The Northern Black Sea region, where Nikolaev is located, always suffered from a lack of water. People who lived in these parts, differently adapted to this problem. There were natural sources, they used a certain time. But they also had a limited supply of water and dried up from time to time. Therefore, when at the beginning of the twentieth century Nikolaev as a city began to grow and develop, it became clear that he needed a constant water supply on an industrial basis.
The question of the construction of a water supply system arose in July 1904. Its key object was to become a water tower. Several different projects were proposed, but the most successful was the one developed by Vladimir Shukhov, an engineer at the Moscow factory of Bari who was world-famous at that time. Specialists still call its tower in Nikolaev a historical and engineering masterpiece. A feature of the project was that the tower was 12 times lighter than the others, and its weight was less than the weight of the water that it contained. The tower was commissioned on March 15, 1907. Today we are talking about making the Shukhov Tower a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
WORK OF ENGINEERING ART OF INTERNATIONAL VALUE
The construction of the tower in Nikolaev – in the foreground V.G. ShukhovShukhov is compared with the famous French engineer Eiffel, the creator of the tower of the same name. Both designed light, delicate, but very durable structures that can stand for centuries. They are still admirable. The Shukhov Tower is a mesh hyperboloid construction. The invention is dated January 1896. In total, more than 200 steel facilities were built according to the Shukhov system.
In March of this year, the Shukhov Tower in Nikolaev marks 111 years, but it is still a solid structure. Whoever comes here for the first time admires her greatness, admires her delicacy and marvels at her unprecedented stamina. Experts say that its design in an absolutely suitable condition for work and with proper care can stand for dozens, or even hundreds of years.
The height of the tower is 32 meters, and the volume of the tank is 50 thousand buckets (615 m3). For strength, the iron corners of which the tower frame is made are reinforced with nine horizontal rings. All these details are riveted together. Inside there is a spiral metal staircase, and around the tower there is a metal balcony.
In the modern city water supply system of Nikolaev, the tower has not been used for a long time, therefore it has been removed from the balance of Vodokanal. But caring citizens, local historians seek to preserve this work of engineering, which for decades saved the city from thirst, as a monument of architecture.
Local historian Andrey ShinkarenkoOne of them is Andrey Shinkarenko, collector, head of the historical and local lore Internet project “Nikolaevsky Bazar”. At first he, an engineer by training, and an enthusiast by vocation, with a group of like-minded people became interested in the old canned wells of the Nikolaev water supply, which are still preserved. After all, water for Nikolaev has always been a big problem. Therefore, more than 100 years ago, a number of wells from 49 to 80 meters deep were built in the city. Local historians began to study archives and found a lot of interesting things.
“We found a well of those times on Vodoprovodnaya Street. Actually, it was called at that time because it had a city water supply. The well is still there, but few pay attention to it, because it is covered with a layer of concrete. Another is in the area of the Zheleznodorozhny College, the second one is notable for the fact that it was in it that the builder of the Nikolaev water supply and sewage system Viktor Weber was killed.
There is even a version that it was one of the first contract killings at that time, for personal reasons. This happened when Weber conducted an excursion for students in this well. Everyone has already gone upstairs. When Weber began to rise, the cable that held the barrel with him broke, and the engineer crashed. Subsequently, this particular well was depicted on the pre-revolutionary postcards of Nikolaev, “says Andrei.
Pre-revolutionary postcard with a tower in Nikolaev After examining the wells, local historians saw that they lead to the Shukhov Tower. “She, of course, has not been working for a long time. But we found an opportunity to get inside, examined it and saw that under the tower there is an underground gallery laid out of a shell rock. Later in the archives we found drawings that indicate that this is a technological gallery. The first a meter that reads water in buckets, “says the local historian.